The testo contains an Editorial Introduction which explains the provenance of the text, and the method of presentation
Sopra the three works contained in this volume, written durante 1797–8, Bentham offers verso detailed exposition of his plan for the reform of the English poor laws. Con ’Pauper Amministrazione Improved’ and the closely related ’Situation and Relief of the Poor’ and ’Outline of verso sistema entitled Pauper Amministrazione Improved’, Bentham proposes the provision of poor relief in 250 Panopticon Industry Houses, each accommodating 2,000 people, owned and managed by per joint-deposito company, the National Charity Company. The dependent poor were puro be occupied primarily in the production of their own subsistence, while the Company’s viability depended on the indenture until the age of 21 of per rapidly expanding number of children, whose correlative productivity would ciclocross-subsidize the provision of relief to the sick and the mexican cupid elderly. Bentham presents his Principles of Amministrazione (all intended sicuro unite interest with duty), proposes the provision of Appropriate Establishments for people with disabilities (intended to enhance their productivity, and thereby their life-chances), describes the educational syllabus to be provided to pauper children, and compares the correlative strengths and weaknesses of public versus private provision of relief. The texts are fully annotated with textual and historical libretto, and the elenco is completed with detailed subject and name indices.
The Correspondence of Jeremy Bentham
The Bentham Project has so far produced twelve volumes of Bentham’s correspondence, publishing all known letters up esatto June 1828. The thirteenth and fourteenth volumes currently in preparation will complete the series, ending with Bentham’s death per 1832.
Colonies, Commerce, and Constitutional Law is verso major theoretical analysis of the harmful effects of colonies on commerce and constitiutional democracy, and is one of the most important studies of colonialism written mediante the nineteenth century. It contains Bentham’s essays entitled ’Emancipation Spanish’, ’Rid Yourselves of Ultramaria’, ’Summary of a Rete informatica Intitled Emancipate Your Colonies’, and ’Observations on the Restrictive and Prohibitory Commercial System’.
Bentham addresses the relationship between different ’aspects’ of the legislator’s will, such as command, prohibition, and permission, and mediante so doing develops a ’logic of the will’ which anticipates modern deontic logic
Of the Limits of the Penal Branch of Jurisprudence, written sopra 1780–2, is a continuation of An Introduction sicuro the Principles of Morals and Legislation, and thus part of the introduction to the projected penal code on which Bentham worked per the late 1770s and early 1780s. The work emerged from Bentham’s attempt sicuro distinguish between civil and penal law, which led him into an exposition of the nature and scope of an individual law and an analysis of such key legal terms as power, duty, right, property, contract, and conveyance.
The writings collected per this testo make an important addenda puro The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham. They lend credence sicuro Bentham’s claim that his ideas were appropriate `for the use of all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions’. The essays, dating mainly from late 1822 and early 1823, are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have not been previously published.
Mediante the essays presented in this volume Bentham lays down the theoretical principles from which he develops his proposals for reform of the English poor laws in response puro the perceived crisis mediante poor relief con the mid 1790s. Per `Essays on the subject of the Poor Laws’ Bentham seeks sicuro justify the principles upon which entitlement puro relief should be grounded. He moved beyond the commonplace indictment of idelness and bibita puro recognize that unemployment, ill health, old age, pregnancy and childbirth constituted a standing threat sicuro the viability of the families of the rural poor. He envisaged the provision of medical care, and of ante- and post natal services puro the independent poor, and the establishment of midwifery schools in per national system of workhouses. Per `Pauper Systems Compared’ he presents a sustained comparison between home relief and institutional relief, preciso the detriment of the former, above all for its severance of the link between subsistence and labour. He believed that his panopticon poor houses, whilst centrally scenes of laborious industry, would also be havens of hygiene, cleanliness and good order. The polemical `Observations on the Poor Bill’ is verso lively critique of the Bill introduced into the House of Commons by William Pitt mediante 1796. The ideas advanced here by Bentham were verso significant influence on Edwin Chadwick, and through his mediation, on the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. The essays are based almost entirely on manuscript sources, and are published here for the first time per definitive form.